Installation GuidelinesDownload PDF
- Generally, glazed floor tiles and porcelain tiles should not be used in floor applications where there is a consistent surface presence of water, oil, or grease. This includes outdoor areas.
- Exterior applications, including but not limited to pool decks, are considered to have a continuous exposure to standing water creating a potential for a slippery floor surface. BEDROSIANS® does not recommend glazed floor tiles on exterior applications unless the tile surface is: (1) sufficiently protected from direct weather elements, (2) textured, and (3) not polished or semi-polished.
- Ramped surfaces, irrespective of the incline slant, require a more slip-resistant surface
- "Polished surfaces" and “Semi-polished surfaces” create a very smooth surface. BEDROSIANS® does not recommend polished surfaces in any areas subject to water, oil, or grease exposure.
- Slippery conditions can be minimized by (1) limiting foot traffic in wet conditions, (2) prompt removal of contaminants, (3) effective drainage, and (4) proper maintenance.
- No floor tile is "slip proof."
- Proper Maintenance is critical. Improper maintenance and/or improper maintenance products can result in a build-up of deleterious substances on the surface of the tile causing the tile to become slippery.
INSTALLATION of the materials constitutes ACCEPTANCE of those materials.
Therefore, all supplied materials must be inspected by the Customer/Buyer/End User/Installer PRIOR to installation to determine if the supplied materials are acceptable (e.g. proper series, color, shade, texture, glaze, surface finish, etc). If there is any question as to the material’s appropriateness, the material must NOT be installed. If marks or discolorations of any type are found on the surface of a tile, the tile piece must NOT be installed unless the marks or discoloration are first removed to the satisfaction of the Customer/Buyer/End User/Installer. BEDROSIANS® will not be held liable for replacement costs for tiles installed with such issues.
If the End User is not present to inspect the material prior to installation and the only after installation, the End User determines the material is not correct or acceptable, BEDROSIANS® will not be held liable for the replacement of the installed product, nor for removal, reinstallation, and ancillary costs.
Ceramic and Porcelain tiles must be installed on an appropriate substrate, such as concrete or cement-backer board, which must be free of dust and other deleterious substances at the time of application. Ceramic, Porcelain, Clay, and Stone tile should never be installed directly onto a wood floor.
Porcelain body tile requires specialized thin set mortars modified for proper adherence to tile and substrate. BEDROSIANS® is not liable for any tile installation problems encountered as a result of the use of improper adhesives.
Grout used on Polished-Glaze Porcelain tile and Polished Porcelain tile should match the tile color. If the grout color does not match, a grout release should be applied on the tile before grouting to permit grout removal. Once applied, grout must be cleaned off the Porcelain tile immediately. BEDROSIANS® is not liable for any issues arising from grout staining or grout left on tiles or the resultant residues or hazing.
BEDROSIANS® recommends using a urethane non-pigmented grout such as Bostik True Color for polished porcelain or polished-glazed porcelain tile.
The polished surface of Polished-Glaze Porcelain and Polished Porcelain tile is susceptible to the effects of acid-based cleaners and other harsh chemicals. Such cleaners should not be used to clean Polished-Glaze and Polished Porcelain tiles, and if they are, BEDROSIANS® is not liable for loss of polish due to etching and other possible issues caused by the acid or harsh chemicals. BEDROSIANS® recommends that you always test a small area first before general application.
Maintenance and Care
A proper maintenance program is crucial for natural stone products, which are porous by nature and require a different maintenance program than traditional man-made ceramic tile.
Many of the cleaners acceptable for use on ceramic tile can stain, damage or dull stone. Natural stone should be cleaned with neutral cleaners. Stone cleaners should never contain acid or bleach. Even a light solution of vinegar and water, will etch and eventually damage natural stone. Dirt and dust will scratch the surface of stone. Hence, stone floors should be vacuumed or dust mopped frequently to remove abrasive agents from the stone surface.
Sealing is strongly recommended for newly installed marble and other natural stone to provide maximum below surface stain protection.
A non-sanded grout is strongly recommended for natural stone installations. This type of grout has very fine particles of cement, polymers and color pigments that can penetrate the microscopic pores of the stone surface where they become trapped and appear as a stain in the stone. Therefore, all travertine, slate, tumbled stone and honed/flamed/unpolished granite should be sealed prior to the grouting process to protect them from staining. The application of a good quality sealer should be used as a grout sealer and applied again as the final sealing process once the installation is finished.
A premium natural look penetrating/impregnating sealer is the normal choice on polished or honed marble, limestone, granite, or where the natural color of a slate is desired. Penetrating/impregnating stone sealers are a no-sheen, natural look sealer that can be water-based or solvent-based, and are good for interior and exterior applications. Most quality sealers of this type are rated to protect the stone for several years. A stone enhancer sealer is often used on tumbled, antique stones or on slate where a darker, enriched or highlighted character is desired. Stone enhancer sealers are also a no-sheen, penetrating/impregnating sealer that is formulated to darken, enrich, and highlight the natural color and beauty of stone products. They will rejuvenate and improve the appearance of worn and weathered stone. Always test loose pieces of stone to ensure desired effect with enhancing sealers. However, they will also darken the color of grout joints. They are, generally, suitable for interior and exterior use, and rated to protect the stone for several years.
Stone products should be tested periodically per manufacturer's instructions to insure that the sealer is working effectively. Always reference manufacturer's literature for specific information on the duration of the sealer's protection and make sure that the sealer is applied in strict accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
A stone floor finish should be applied to a polished natural stone floor only. This type of product will help enhance the shine and provide a protective coating for "soft" or polished marbles. Verify the finish is a wax-type finish designed to add luster and enhance the beauty of sealed and polished natural stone only. A topical finish may change the appearance and performance of your stone, so always test a small area first. Application of topical sealer or wax should never be done as an attempt to add a shine to a honed, scratched or non-polished stone product. This will only create maintenance and/or slip resistance problem.
Only use cleaners specifically designed for cleaning stone. These cleaners contain no acids and are concentrated neutral pH cleaners that will not affect existing sealers or wax-type coatings. The surface of the stone should be dampened with clear water to keep the cleaning solution on the surface so it can be effective. A solution of the cleaner and water, mixed pursuant to manufacturer instructions, should be applied to the stone surface with a sponge or mop. On walls, kitchen counters, or vanity tops a spray bottle can be used to apply the cleaning solution. Allow the solution to sit for manufacturer’s specified amount of time (usually 3 to 5 minutes). Massage with a sponge, synthetic mop, soft bristle brush, or through the use of a floor-scrubbing machine. Mop up dirty solution and buff dry.
Once the stone has been cleaned, you can periodically apply a Spray-Buff wax-type floor/countertop finish to enhance the luster of polished stone. Apply the finish with a spray applicator and buff immediately with a white nylon pad. Reapply as often as needed, depending on volume of surface traffic and consistency of routine maintenance program. The product is not designed to restore the original shine, but is intended to maintain and protect the original shine.
Heavy-Duty Stone Cleaning:
Use a heavy-duty non-hazardous and non-polluting stone cleaner and degreaser to effectively remove heavy dirt, grease, grime, waxes, and floor finishes. Apply the solution of the cleaner and water mixed to manufacturer instructions to the stone surface with a sponge or mop. Allow setting for manufacturer-specified amount of time. Massage with a sponge, synthetic mop, and soft bristle brush, or through the use of a floor-scrubbing machine. Mop up dirty solution and buff dry. Be sure to change out the cleaning solution every 100 square feet to avoid reintroducing dirty water during the cleaning process. Rinse thoroughly with clean water when finished. After cleaning you may apply the Spray-Buff wax-type floor/countertop finish to enhance the natural shine.
Stone poultices will remove stains and grout haze from stone. A poultice is a fine, non-acidic, absorptive clay cleaning powder that removes deep-set oil stains, grease, and light cementitious grout haze from polished and unpolished natural stone. WARNING: A poultice may dull the shine of the polished stone. If this occurs you will need to use a marble polish to restore the natural shine.
If a marble finish has become dull, scratched or etched, you can restore the natural shine through the use of a marble polish, and even the use of floor buffing machines. The process is generally a re-crystallization process to remove fine scratches and restore the original shine and polish to the stone.
Soft clay tiles are categorized as specialty use products, and as such they are generally not governed by the same requirements as glazed or unglazed ceramic tile. These products will require some type of topical sealer protection, designed to provide stain resistance and a durable finish to protect clay tile against wear. Pre-sealing the tile prior to grouting will act as a pre-grout sealer, provided it is applied over a clean tile surface. An additional final coat over the grouted floor will complete the sealing process along with providing the final grout stain protection.
There are two common types of sealers used today for sealing specialty tiles. The first is a water-based blend of acrylic polymers, which allows for moisture vapor transmission. It can be reapplied over itself, without stripping or removing the old sealer when the original application has become worn. The second type is a solvent-based sealer, which is not as forgiving. After the original application has become worn, it must be stripped and removed prior to reapplication. Both types should be UV stable, which means the ultra violet rays from the sun should not break them down. You should always follow the manufacturer's instructions for use, maintenance, and precautions.
The expected wear of the topical sealer will vary depending on the hardness, surface texture, type or area, usage, and type of maintenance products used. However, the average expected use life of the sealer, when properly prepared, is a maximum of 3 years. Harsh cleaning methods, high-alkaline or solvent-based cleaners can significantly lower the expected life of the sealer. Concentrated tile cleaners are recommended for routine cleaning.
Highly alkaline, acidic, ammoniated, abrasive cleaners and/or bleach may break down the sealer, adversely affecting repellency, and may not be good for the tile or grout. Use neutral cleaners specially formulated for tile and grout that are low VOC, non-hazardous and non-polluting.
BEDROSIANS® does not manufacture installation products or tile cleaning/maintenance products. BEDROSIANS® provides the information contained herein to its customers as an information source only. The products identified in this website may have chemicals that cause reactions in certain individuals. BEDROSIANS® strongly recommends the use of safety glasses, respirators (masks), and gloves in handling any materials that contain chemicals.
Please contact the manufacturer directly, PRIOR to usage, to obtain proper handling instructions, application instructions, and warnings concerning potential health hazards for any product contemplated for use. BEDROSIANS® also strongly recommends that you always test a small area PRIOR to usage of any installation/tile/cleaning/maintenance product to determine whether the product serves its intended purpose.
Natural stone has its own unique qualities that not only distinguish it from man-made materials, but also necessitate consideration in selection for a particular project. Stone is not manufactured; it is a product of nature. Blocks are removed from the quarry, slabs are cut from these blocks, and the slabs are further fabricated into the final stone. Each block is different and each slab is different.
To ensure your natural stone products will provide you with a lifetime of aesthetics and utility, proper maintenance is crucial. Natural stone products are porous by nature and require a different maintenance program than traditional ceramic tile.